california how many people have ihealth insurance

by Reese Schultz Published 1 year ago Updated 7 months ago

In total, 13 million, or one in three, Californians rely on the program for health coverage. Medi-Cal pays for essential primary, specialty, acute, behavioral health, and long-term care services. Get These Charts Our charts are available to use in your presentations and publications.

As of 2020, some seven percent of the total population of California were uninsured, while the largest part of California's population was insured through employers.
Health insurance status distribution of the total population of California in 2020.
Health insurance statusPercentage of total population
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Jun 20, 2022

Full Answer

How many people in California have health insurance under the ACA?

That totals to 5,658,334 California residents that gained access to health coverage. California's uninsured rate fell from 17.2 percent in 2013 before the ACA to 7.7 percent as of 2019.

Why are so many people not getting health insurance in California?

The high cost of living in California likely contributes to many in this group not being able to fit health coverage into their budgets. 401,000 (13%) are eligible to purchase coverage on Covered California and their incomes are low enough to qualify them for federal ACA subsidies.

What health insurance companies are going up in California?

Blue Shield of California (expanding to cover parts of Monterey and Santa Barbara counties): 1.3% increase. Bright HealthCare: New for 2022, offering plans in Contra Costa County. Chinese Community Health Plan: 1.7% increase. Health Net: 4.5% increase. Kaiser Permanente: 2.2% increase. L.A. Care Health Plan: 2.9% decrease.

What is happening to the California individual health insurance market?

The state has also been proactive in terms of enacting legislation to ensure that the individual market remains stable: California law banned the sale of short-term health insurance plans as of 2019, and prevents sole proprietors and partners from purchasing association health plans coverage instead of individual market plans.


How many people have Medi-Cal insurance in California?

13 million CaliforniansMedi-Cal provides health insurance to more than 13 million Californians.

How many Californians have no health insurance?

About 1 in 10 workers in California were uninsured. Of the nearly 2 million uninsured workers in the state, 20% were employed by private companies with 500 or more workers.

How many people actually have health insurance?

As of 2020, over 297 million people in the United States had some kind of health insurance, a significant increase from around 257 million insured people in 2010. However, as of 2020, there were still over 30 million people in the United States without any kind of health insurance.

Why are people uninsured in California?

Among uninsured adults, 49 percent (about 1 million individuals), are eligible for subsidized insurance through Covered California, California's individual marketplace, however, are still uninsured likely due to affordability concerns (e.g. the high cost of premiums, deductibles, and other cost-sharing).

What percentage of Californians have private health insurance?

Forty-five percent of all Californians have private health insurance through their employers, while another 9 percent directly purchase individual coverage, most often through Covered California, the state insurance marketplace under the ACA.

What percentage of US citizens are uninsured?

An estimated 9.6% of U.S. residents, or 31.1 million people, lacked health insurance when surveyed in the first six months of 2021, according to preliminary estimates from the National Health Interview Survey released yesterday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

How many US citizens Cannot afford health care?

46 million peopleA staggering 46 million people — nearly one-fifth of all Americans — cannot afford necessary healthcare services, according to a new survey. Conducted by West Health and Gallup, the survey polled 3,753 U.S. adults from Feb. 15-21.

What percentage of Americans have health insurance?

92 percentThe number of people with health insurance in the U.S. was close to 300 million in 2019, about 92 percent of the population. The health system in the country is a mix of both public and private insurers, but private is the main form of health insurance coverage among the U.S. population.

Which health insurance carriers offer 2022 coverage in the California marketplace?

Covered California announced in July 2021 that an additional insurer, Bright HealthCare, would be joining the marketplace, bringing the total numbe...

Which health insurance carriers have offered coverage in the California marketplace in the past?

Anthem Blue Cross had offered plans statewide in Covered California prior to 2018, but had sharply reduced their coverage area to just three of the...

When can I enroll in health insurance in California?

Open enrollment in California runs from November 1 to January 31, giving residents three full months to enroll in coverage each year. Under the ter...

What type of health insurance exchange does California have?

Covered California is a state-run exchange, led by CEO Jessica Altman. The majority of U.S. states use the federally-run exchange (

How did individual health insurance premiums change in California for 2022?

Covered California announced in July 2021 that the preliminary individual market rate changes for 2022 amounted to a 1.8% increase. The rate change...

How have premiums changed in the California exchange in the past?

For perspective, here’s a look at how overall average premiums have changed in California’s marketplace over the last several years:2015: Increase...

How many people have enrolled in health plans through California's exchange?

2022: 1,777,442 people enrolled in private plans through Covered California during the open enrollment period for 2022 coverage. This was a record...

How many people are covered in California in 2020?

As of August 24, 2020, nearly 272,000 people had enrolled through Covered California since March 20, which was more than double the normal rate of enrollment outside of the annual open enrollment period. That higher-than-normal enrollment pace is likely continuing in 2021.

When will California insurance start?

Under the terms of California’s 2019 legislation, people who enroll by December 15 will have coverage effective January 1 (this has consistently been extended a bit each year). People who enroll between December 16 and January 31 will have coverage effective February 1.

What is the California state mandate for 2020?

Also new as of 2020: A state-based individual mandate in California, with a penalty for non-compliance. Premium increases across the 11 Covered California insurers averaged less than 1% for 2020 (new individual mandate is keeping premiums stable).

What is the penalty for non compliance in California?

The penalty for non-compliance will be based on the federal individual mandate penalty that applied in 2018 (ie, $695 per uninsured adult, or 2.5 percent of household income), but exemptions and maximum penalties will be California-specific. For example, the state notes that because California’s tax-filing threshold is higher than the IRS filing threshold, 115,000 fewer people will have to pay California’s individual mandate penalty, compared with the number of people who would have had to pay the federal penalty if it had remained in effect.

What was the increase in insurance premiums in 2016?

2016: Increase of 4 percent. The exchange noted that consumers who shopped around during open enrollment would have the opportunity to lower their premiums by an average of 4.5 percent , and as much as ten percent in some areas of the state.

When will covered CA start paying for additional subsidies?

Covered CA has announced that the additional subsidies will be automatically applied to enrollees’ accounts starting in May 2021 . Covered CA estimates that 1.4 million current enrollees will start to receive additional subsidies in May as a result of the American Rescue Plan.

Which states have CSR?

In 2017, amid uncertainty over continued federal funding for cost-sharing reductions (CSR), California was the first state to announce its decision to allow insurers to create slightly different off-exchange silver plans, and only add the cost of CSR to on-exchange silver plans.


This report presents statistics on health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC).


In 2020, 8.6 percent of people, or 28.0 million, did not have health insurance at any point during the year.

America Counts Stories

Private Health Coverage of Working-Age Adults Drops From Early 2019 to Early 2021


Figure 1. Percentage of People by Type of Health Insurance Coverage and Change From 2018 to 2020


Table 1. Number and Percentage of People by Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type: 2018 to 2020

Health Insurance Historical Tables - HHI CPS (2017-2020)

HHI-01. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage--All Persons by Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin: 2017 to 2020

Health Insurance Detailed Tables

The Current Population Survey is a joint effort between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau.

How many people are covered by Medicare in California?

Medicare enrollment in California. Nationwide, 62 million people are covered by Medicare — and more than 10 percent of them are in California. As of October 2020, 6,439,998 California residents had Medicare coverage. But that’s only about 16 percent of the state’s 40 million people, versus about 19 percent of the United States population ...

What percentage of California residents have Medicare?

More than 10 percent of all Medicare beneficiaries live in California, but only about 16 percent of the state’s population has Medicare coverage, versus about 19 percent of the US population.

How long does it take for Medicare to be retroactive in California?

But coverage must be guaranteed-issue during the six months after a person enrolls in Medicare Part B (regardless of age) or the six months after a person is determined to be retroactively eligible for Medicare Part B.

What percentage of Medicare beneficiaries are disabled?

Nationwide, 15 percent of all Medicare beneficiaries are eligible due to disability. It’s a little lower in California, though, with just 12 percent of Medicare beneficiaries enrolled due to a disability. Read our guide to Medicare’s open enrollment.

How many counties in California have Medicare Advantage plans?

Of the 58 counties in California, Medicare Advantage plans are available in 43 of them as of 2021. Across those 43 counties, plan availability varies from just two plans in Nevada and Butte counties, to 102 plans in some parts of Los Angeles County. But 40 percent of Medicare beneficiaries in California were enrolled in Medicare Advantage plans as ...

Which states have the largest Medicare population?

Although California has by far the nation’s largest Medicare population, there were four states (Florida, Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Texas) where more people were enrolled in Medigap plans as of 2018.

When does Medicare open enrollment start?

Medicare Advantage enrollees also have the option to switch to a different Advantage plan or to Original Medicare during the Medicare Advantage open enrollment period, which runs from January 1 to March 31.

What percentage of Californians have health insurance?

May 9, 2018. Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) the percentage of Californians with health insurance has risen to 93%. The state is closer than ever to covering every Californian and is now considering various policies to cover the state’s remaining three million uninsured.

How many people are eligible for Medi-Cal?

322,000 (11%) are eligible for Medi-Cal but not enrolled. This can be due to multiple factors, including people not knowing they are eligible, fear of enrolling in a government program, or difficulty with enrollment processes and procedures. The California legislature is currently considering a range of proposals to address the unique barriers ...

What percentage of people have private health insurance?

Private Coverage. In 2018, most people (67.5%) in the United States had private health insurance coverage, such as coverage through an employer, coverage purchased directly (including through a state or federal marketplace), and/or coverage through TRICARE.

Which state has the lowest Medicaid coverage?

Utah had the lowest public coverage rate at less than one-quarter (21.3%), while New Mexico had the highest at about one-half (49.4%). Public coverage rates may vary depending on whether a state expanded Medicaid eligibility. In states that chose to do so, a higher percentage of people have public coverage. Public coverage rates may be related ...

Why does health insurance change over time?

Across states, levels and types of health insurance coverage change over time because of economic conditions, the demographic composition of the population, and state and federal policies. The 2018 American Community Survey (ACS) 1-year estimates show trends in health insurance coverage rates in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

What is America count?

America Counts tells the stories behind the numbers in a new inviting way. We feature stories on various topics such as families, housing, employment, business, education, the economy, emergency management, health, population, income and poverty.

When did the ACA expand Medicaid?

Thirty-one states and the District of Columbia elected to expand Medicaid eligibility on or before January 31, 2018 (“expansion states”), and 19 states did not (“non-expansion states”).

Which states have the highest number of people with employer-sponsored health insurance?

Additionally, California, Texas and New York respectively have the highest number of individuals receiving employer-sponsored health insurance in the United States. This is primarily because these are large and economically strong states, with almost half of their populations having group insurance. 2.

How much of the population does public health cover?

The US public health insurance only covers 34% of the population. This despairing statistic makes it clear that it is more expensive to provide healthcare coverage in the US system than anywhere else in the world. 4. Statistics show that there are more women enrolled in Medicaid – 17% women compared to only 12% men.

What is the purpose of health insurance statistics?

With this in mind, the main purpose of these health insurance statistics is to outline the numbers and facts concerning the health insurance industry. Doing so should make it easier ...

Why is health insurance important?

First, health insurance is necessary to ensure that an unexpected disease or accident doesn’t lead to impoverishment. On the other hand, insurance premiums remain fairly low, but costs are continuing to increase. This shows that additional regulation is necessary to ensure that the main goal of health insurance providers is to help the needy, rather than to get higher profits. Second, health insurance statistics indicate that health care worldwide remains underdeveloped—hundreds of millions of people lack access to basic health care services.

How many people are uninsured in the US in 2018?

9.4% of Americans were uninsured in 2018, thus leading to staggering health care costs in case of a medical emergency. On a yearly basis, roughly 4% of uninsured Americans are forced to declare bankruptcy due to overwhelming health care costs. 40%–50% of US residents rely on employer health insurance.

How much of the US budget is spent on health care?

Health industry facts collected from around the world show that the United States spends more of its budget on health care (around 17% ) than other established countries like the United Kingdom (around 10%) and Canada, which offer universal health care. The US public health insurance only covers 34% of the population.

How many people lack basic health care?

The study concluded that half of the world’s population lacks essential and basic health care services. While the world’s population has increased exponentially, the prevalence of health care is still far behind.

Why is California called the Individual Mandate?

This law is referred to as the individual mandate because it means that all individuals in California are mandated to be covered by health insurance. Here’s what you need to know to understand the individual mandate and how this law can benefit you.

When did the penalty for opting out of health insurance go away?

From 2014 on, when the law went into effect, those who chose to go uninsured faced a financial penalty at tax time. That was the case until 2019 when the penalty was removed via the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. 1 That meant that in 2019, many people were able to opt out of health insurance without paying a federal penalty.

What happens if you don't have insurance?

This also decreases the number of uninsured treatments all residents wind up having to help pay for. When people who don’t have insurance go to the emergency room and can’t pay the bill, costs of treatments may go up for everyone — and taxpayers often have to pitch in to make up the difference.

When did the individual mandate come into effect?

State legislators voted for the individual mandate in June 2019, and Newsom signed it into law in July, to take effect January 2020. In order to make required health insurance more affordable, lawmakers also expanded financial help.

Is California a state mandate?

The Individual Mandate Comes to California. In 2019, Governor Gavin Newsom and others advocate d that California create its own state individual mandate. The logic was the same as the federal individual mandate: The more people who have health insurance, the lower the cost of health insurance for everyone.

Is California getting more financial help?

More Financial Help for Californians. In 2020, California became the first state to offer financial help for health insurance on top of federal support. 2 In 2021, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the American Rescue Plan provided $3 billion in new and expanded financial help (in the form of tax credits) to Californians to help pay ...

How many people will be uninsured in California in 2021?

California cuts its uninsured rate by more than half, thanks to the Affordable Care Act. As of February 2021, 1,583,781 California residents were enrolled in Marketplace coverage and according December 2020 data, 4,074,553 were newly eligible enrollees in Medicaid coverage thanks to the ACA.

How many people in the District of Columbia will be covered by the Affordable Care Act in 2021?

88,678 District of Columbia residents have gained health coverage through the Affordable Care Act. As of February 2021, 15,822 District of Columbia residents were enrolled in Marketplace coverage and according December 2020 data, 72,856 were newly eligible enrollees in Medicaid coverage thanks to the ACA.

Which states have reduced their uninsured rate?

California, Kentucky, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and West Virginia have reduced their uninsured rate by at least half from 2013 to 2019 through enrollment in Marketplace coverage and expansion of Medicaid to adult populations.

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